Austria has a total ban of wild animals in circuses since 2005.
Since December 2013 wild animals in the circus are completely forbidden in Belgium. The law was challenged by its opponents in the circus world but upheld and made definitive in Court in 2015.
A full ban of wild animals in circuses is in place in Croatia since 2007.
In Cyprus it is not allowed to use wild animals in circuses.
Circuses in Bulgaria are not allowed to perform with wild animals since 2015.
In the Czech Republic the circus ban is limited to young specimens of some species.
Denmark was one of the first countries to severely restrict the use of wild animals in circuses, with a full ban which allows for some exemptions since 1991.
In the United Kingdom the competence to ban wild animals in entertainment or in circuses belongs to the national governments. In early May 2017 the Scottish government announced the parliamentary introduction of a total ban of wild animals in travelling circuses on ethical grounds.
Since 2001, wild-born animals are forbidden in Estonian circuses. The government has committed to expanding that ban and in December 2016 the country's capital, Tallinn, formally announced that it will no longer issue new public event permits to circuses that use wild animals.
In Finland certain species are forbidden in circuses. The new Animal Law is in its final stages of preparation and a broader ban is expected to be included.
Even though France has one of the biggest presences of wild animals in circuses in all of Europe, more and more municipalities are now banning the practice, and there is growing pressure on the national government to take action. Many of the rescue requests for circus animals come from France.
There is growing concern about the use of wild animals in German circuses. Several federal states have repeatedly asked the central government to introduce a ban. Public opinion is concerned about incidents involving circus animals, such as the death of a man after being trampled by an elephant. AAP regularly receives rescue requests from German circuses and we are working together with our partner organizations to ensure that the practice ends soon.
Greece is one of the most progressive countries when it comes to the use of wild animals for entertainment purposes: it is completely banned since 2012.
Since 2007certain wild-born species are not allowed to perform in Hungary.
Some Irish cities have forbidden circuses from performing in their municipality.
Italy has one of the biggest problems with wild animals in circuses, with an estimated 2.000 individuals being currently used in performances. The government is currently considering a ban.
There is one remaining Latvian circus performing with wild animals. Fortunately the government is preparing a new law which is expected to ban this practice.
Use of wild animals for entertainment purposes in still allowed in Lithuania.
The new Animal Welfare Law, expected to be introduced in 2017, contains a restriction of the use of wild animals in circuses.
CITES-protected species are forbidden from Maltese circuses since 2002.
In 2005 the city of Winschoten became the first municipality in the country to ban circuses with wild (i.e. non-domesticated) animals, and was followed by others. In years after, especially since the publication of a report in 2009 that revealed severe animal suffering in circuses, the issue had become so controversial that a complete ban was announced in 2012 as part of the government coalition agreement. The ban came into force on September 15th 2015 and prohibits any performance with wild mammals in the country (except in licensed zoos). AAP was a proud founding member of the coalition Wilde Dieren de Tent Uit (No Wild Animals in Circuses), created to run the Dutch campaign to put an end to the use of wild animals in circuses.
Circus ban for animals born in the wild since 1997.
In Norway there is a positive list for animals in circuses since 2010.
In Portugal there is a ban for the breeding and acquisition of certain species by circuses since 1995. Use of great apes is forbidden since 2009.
Wild animals in circuses are forbidden in all of Serbia.
CITES-protected species are forbidden in Slowakian circuses.
There are no restrictions to the use of wild animals in entertainment in Romania.
Since 2013 no circus performances with wild animals are allowed in Slovenia.
Since 1994 the use of some species of wild animals in circuses is forbidden in Sweden.
Following the model of WDdTU in the Netherlands, AAP Primadomus joined the existing Spanish coalition InfoCircos, giving it new impulse, and set out to achieve outstanding and very promising results in a short period of time.
Using a multi-level approach to policy influencing, InfoCircos has added hundreds of new municipalities to the list of ‘Cities free of circuses with animals’, kick-started the process to ban circuses with wild animals in several Spanish regions and, even more notably, has collected more than 120.000 signatures asking the national government to stop the public funding of circuses with wild animals.
On January 31st 2017 the city of Madrid decided to lead by example and declared itself ‘free of circuses with wild animals’. Shortly after, the region of Galicia announced that it would ban the practice entirely.
In the United Kingdom the competence to ban wild animals in entertainment or in circuses belongs to the national governments. The government in Westminster has repeatedly committed to a ban, but has still not taken any concrete actions towards it.
In the United Kingdom the competence to ban wild animals in entertainment or in circuses belongs to the national governments. The Welsh government has announced that it will follow England if a ban is introduced there.